As shown in the figure above, Europe is the region with the most states whose practices and policies contravene the TPNW. A total of 30 of the 49 states in Europe (61%) currently maintain policies and practices that contravene one or more of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW. In the other regions, compliance is generally high. In Africa, all states have been found to be compliant. In the Americas, only 2 states – Canada and the United States – of the 35 across the region (less than 6%) are not compliant. In Asia, where most of the nuclear-armed states are located, 8 of the 43 states (almost 19%) are not compliant: China, India, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Pakistan, and South Korea. In Oceania, Australia and the Marshall Islands are the 2 states that are not compliant with the TPNW among the total of 16 states in the region.