Albania voted against the UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020. In First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Albania stated that it has not joined the TPNW because it believes that 'in the current security architecture of the world a step-by-step approach to global nuclear disarmament is what we need to build trust and confidence.' The former Albanian president Rexhep Meidani and former prime ministers Ylli Bufi and Fatos Nano were among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders in umbrella states to 'show courage and boldness' and join the TPNW. See: bit.ly/2IUbxRK, bit.ly/2TwCaOp.
- Albania should ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its national defence plans and security policies. It should renounce the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, for instance through a declaratory statement, and refrain from endorsing future alliance statements in support of weapons of mass destruction.
- Albania should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution to the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.