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States Parties

Benin

Benin was the first state to ratify the TPNW after the Treaty reached the required 50 ratifications or accessions to enter into force, depositing its instrument of ratification with the UN Secretary-General on 11 December 2020. It was also the first francophone African state to ratify the Treaty.

SIGNATURE
26 Sep 2018
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
11 Dec 2020 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
11 Mar 2021
DECLARATION
Received 9 Apr 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 0%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Pelindaba)
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

In the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Benin associated itself with a statement by the African Group which said: 'Given the slow progress and frustration that has characterized nuclear disarmament for so many years, the TPNW marks a watershed in the drive to rid the world of nuclear weapons. [...] It is our hope that the nuclear weapon states and those under the so-called nuclear umbrella would seize this opportunity to sign and ratify the treaty as well as pursuite the goal of a nuclear weapon free world'.1

Recommendations

  • Benin should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Benin should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
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