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Opposed

France

Nuclear-armed state (NATO)

France boycotted the TPNW negotiations in 2017 and remains unwilling to adhere to or engage constructively with the Treaty.

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Not compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Not compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Not compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Not compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
Participated in TPNW negotiations No
Share of women in TPNW negotiations N/A
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) N/A
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Voluntary offer agreement
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol Partial
Fissile material production facilities Yes
Highly enriched uranium stocks 30 000 kg
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) 6000 kg/74 700 kg
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (4 of 5 NSA protocols)
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

In a joint statement in the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, France, together with China, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, reiterated its opposition to the TPNW.1

In July 2018, an information mission set up by the parliamentary foreign affairs commission concluded that France should ‘mitigate its criticism’ of the TPNW ‘and the countries that have contributed to its adoption, to show that we understand and take into account the concerns of States and their desire for more balanced global governance.’2

Paris and a dozen other French cities have joined ICAN's Cities Appeal.

Recommendations

  • France should acknowledge that nuclear deterrence is not a sustainable solution for its own or international security, and that any perceived benefits are far outweighed by the risk of nuclear accidents or war. It should move rapidly to verifiably reduce and eliminate its nuclear arsenal.
  • France should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.
  • France should implement in good faith its obligations under Article VI of the NPT. France should upgrade to a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and requisite Additional Protocol with the IAEA.

Inventory of nuclear warheads at the beginning of 2022

290
Total inventory of warheads
0
Retired warheads
290
Usable stockpile of warheads
29MT
Total yield of usable stockpile
1,933
Hiroshima-bomb equivalents
Frankrike Ubat

Approximately 240 TNO warheads are assigned to France’s four ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs) for delivery by a total of 48 M51.2 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs). France maintains a policy of continuous at-sea deterrence, meaning that at least one of its SSBNs – capable of carrying up to 16 missiles – is on deterrence patrol with nuclear weapons on alert status at all times. One or two other operational boats can deploy on relatively short notice, while the fourth boat is in refit.

Frankrike krigsskip

An estimated 10 TNA warheads on medium-range ASMP-A air-launched cruise missiles (ALCMs) are assigned to the Rafale MF3 aircraft on the Charles de Gaulle aircraft carrier. Under normal circumstances these warheads are stored on land.

Frankrike fly

Approximately 40 TNA warheads on ASMP-A ALCMs are assigned to two squadrons of Rafale BF3 aircraft of the French Air and Space Force.


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