France France

France

Nuclear-armed states

France boycotted the TPNW negotiations and has not adhered to the Treaty. It is a nuclear-armed state and not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. France may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

Latest developments and background

In July 2018, an information mission set up by the parliamentary foreign affairs commission concluded that France should “mitigate its criticism of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) and the countries that have contributed to its adoption, to show that we understand and take into account the concerns of States and their desire for more balanced global governance” (bit.ly/2krrvX). Paris and a dozen other French cities have joined ICAN's Cities Appeal.

Recommendations

  • France should acknowledge that nuclear deterrence is not a sustainable solution for its own or international security, and that any perceived benefits are far outweighed by the risk of nuclear accidents or war. It should move rapidly to verifiably reduce and eliminate its nuclear arsenal.
  • France should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so, it should - in line with its unequivocal undertaking under the NPT to accomplish the total elimination of its nuclear arsenals - welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution towards the common aspiration of a world without nuclear weapons, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.
Signed
No
Adhered
No
Compliance with article 1(1) of the TPNW
Art 1(1)(a) The prohibition on developing, producing, manufacturing, or otherwise acquiring Not compliant
The prohibition on testing Compliant
The prohibition on possessing or stockpiling Not compliant
Art 1(1)(b) The prohibition on transferring Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) The prohibition on receiving transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) The prohibition on using Compliant
The prohibition on threatening to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) The prohibition on assisting prohibited activities Not compliant
The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Not compliant
Art 1(1)(f) The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Not compliant
Art 1(1)(g) The prohibition on allowing stationing, installation, or deployment Compliant
TPNW process
Vote on mandate resolution (A/RES/71/258) Voted no
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) No (N/A)
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Vote on UNGA resolution 2018 Voted no
Fissile material
Highly enriched uranium stocks 30.6 t (~2,040 weapon equivalents)
Civilian plutonium stocks
Fissile material production Yes (LEU and Pu)
Related treaties and mechanisms
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT No
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force No (Voluntary offer agreement)
IAEA AP in force Yes (Modified)
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes
France