Hungary boycotted the TPNW negotiations in 2017 and has consistently voted against the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the Treaty, including in 2022.
|TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2022|
|(a)||Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire||Compatible|
|Possess or stockpile||Compatible|
|(c)||Receive transfer or control||Compatible|
|Threaten to use||Compatible|
|(e)||Assist, encourage or induce||Not compatible|
|(f)||Seek or receive assistance||Compatible|
|(g)||Allow stationing, installation, deployment||Compatible|
|TPNW voting and participation|
|UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote)||Voted no (2022)|
|Participated in 1MSP (2022)||No|
|1MSP delegation size (% women)||N/A|
|Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017)||N/A|
|Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017)||No|
|Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258)||Voted no|
|Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties|
|Party to an NWFZ||No|
|Party to the NPT||Yes (Ratified 1969)|
|Ratified the CTBT||Yes (Ratified 1999, Annex 2 state)|
|Party to the BWC||Yes (Ratified 1972)|
|Party to the CWC||Yes (Ratified 1996)|
|IAEA safeguards and fissile material|
|TPNW Art 3(2) deadline||N/A|
|Small Quantities Protocol||No|
|Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants||No|
Hungary may sign and ratify or accede to the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.
In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022, Hungary expressed regret that ‘due to the military conflict in Ukraine the risk of nuclear weapons being used is higher than ever at any time since the height of the Cold War’, and the already challenging security environment has ‘deteriorated further’. It argued that ‘the current conditions are not conducive’ to nuclear disarmament, but this goal remains ‘as relevant as ever’. It called for redoubled efforts ‘to bring forward this noble cause by making tangible progress’.1
At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Hungary said that ‘there is no “fast track” in nuclear disarmament – only an incremental approach, consisting of gradual and concrete building blocks, can produce tangible results’.2
The former Hungarian defence minister Szekeres Imre was among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders in umbrella states to 'show courage and boldness' and join the TPNW.3
- Hungary should renounce the possession and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, and ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its defence posture.
- Hungary should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the NPT and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Hungary should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.