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Opposed

Norway

Umbrella state (NATO)

Norway started the initiative on the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons, which resulted in a majority of states negotiating and adopting the TPNW. But Norway boycotted the negotiations in 2017 and has consistently voted against the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the Treaty, including in 2021.

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Not compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
Participated in TPNW negotiations No
Share of women in TPNW negotiations N/A
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) N/A
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks 1–10 kg
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

On 13 October 2021, Norway's newly elected Labour-led government published a coalition agreement committing Norway to participate as an observer in the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW in 2022. It was the first member of NATO to make such a commitment.1 Six of the nine political parties in Norway's parliament have adopted party programmes that say that Norway should sign and ratify the TPNW, while a seventh party has said that it should be a goal for Norway and other NATO states to do so.

Two former Norwegian prime ministers (Kjell Magne Bondevik, Thorbjørn Jagland), two former foreign ministers (Bjørn Tore Godal, Knut Vollebæk), and two former defence ministers (Eldbjørg Løwer, Anne-Grete Strøm Erichsen) were among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders in umbrella states to 'show courage and boldness' and join the TPNW.2

Norway’s capital, Oslo, and 39 other Norwegian cities have endorsed ICAN's Cities Appeal. Polling in 2021 showed high levels of support for the TPNW in Norway.3

Norway may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

Recommendations

  • Norway should ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its national defence plans and security policies. It should renounce the possession and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, for instance through a declaratory statement, and refrain from endorsing future alliance statements in support of weapons of mass destruction.
  • Norway should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.
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