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Saudi Arabia

State with nuclear-free security policy

Saudi Arabia voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017, but has not yet adhered to the Treaty. Saudi Arabia has explicitly threatened to swiftly acquire nuclear weapons should Iran do so. Thus, if Saudi Arabia were today a party to the TPNW, there would be issues of possible compliance, which would need to be addressed by a meeting of states parties. The Nuclear Weapons Ban Monitor has therefore listed Saudi Arabia as a state of concern.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Of concern
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (25%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the PTBT No
Member of the CD No (Observer)
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

Saudi Arabia has consistently voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020.

Recommendations

  • Saudi Arabia should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Saudi Arabia should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA. Saudi Arabia should also sign and ratify the CTBT.
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