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Somalia

Somalia participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty. In 2021, Somalia for the first time voted in favour of the annual UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW. In the previous years, it had not cast a vote.

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations No data available
Vote on adoption of treaty text Did not vote
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Did not vote
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement No
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC No (Signatory)
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT No (Signatory)
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

Somalia maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.

In the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Somalia associated itself with a statement by the African Group which said: 'Given the slow progress and frustration that has characterized nuclear disarmament for so many years, the TPNW marks a watershed in the drive to rid the world of nuclear weapons. [...] It is our hope that the nuclear weapon states and those under the so-called nuclear umbrella would seize this opportunity to sign and ratify the treaty as well as pursue the goal of a nuclear weapon free world'.1

Recommendations

  • Somalia should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
  • Somalia should conclude and bring into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and an Additional Protocol with the IAEA. Somalia should also sign and ratify the CTBT, and ratify the BWC.
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