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Undecided

Somalia

State with nuclear-free security policy

Somalia participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty and has not adhered to it. The government has not cast a vote on any of the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, or 2020. Somalia maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without making changes to existing practices or policies.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Did not vote
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (No data)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Did not vote
Last vote on UNGA resolution Did not vote
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the PTBT No (Signatory)
Member of the CD No
IAEA CSA in force No
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC No (Signatory)

Latest developments

As a member of the African Group in the UN, Somalia aligned itself with the group's statement at the 2020 UN General Assembly's High-Level Plenary Meeting to Commemorate and Promote the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, which welcomed the adoption of the TPNW and stated that the Treaty does not undermine the NPT but complements and strengthens it. The African Group also called on all states, especially nuclear-armed and umbrella states, to sign and ratify the TPNW, and to consider the catastrophic humanitarian, environmental, and economic impacts of nuclear weapons and to dismantle and renounce these weapons of mass destruction. See: bit.ly/2UG2lmC.

Recommendations

  • Somalia should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Somalia should conclude and bring into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) and an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA. Somalia should also sign and ratify the CTBT, and ratify the BWC.
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