Somalia participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty. In 2021 and 2022, Somalia voted in favour of the annual UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW. In the previous years, it had not cast a vote.
|TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2022|
|(a)||Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire||Compatible|
|Possess or stockpile||Compatible|
|(c)||Receive transfer or control||Compatible|
|Threaten to use||Compatible|
|(e)||Assist, encourage or induce||Compatible|
|(f)||Seek or receive assistance||Compatible|
|(g)||Allow stationing, installation, deployment||Compatible|
|TPNW voting and participation|
|UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote)||Voted yes (2022)|
|Participated in 1MSP (2022)||No|
|1MSP delegation size (% women)||N/A|
|Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017)||Did not vote|
|Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017)||Yes|
|Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258)||Did not vote|
|Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties|
|Party to an NWFZ||No (Signed 2006, Pelindaba)|
|Party to the NPT||Yes (Ratified 1970)|
|Ratified the CTBT||No|
|Party to the BWC||No (Signed 1972)|
|Party to the CWC||Yes (Acceded 2013)|
|IAEA safeguards and fissile material|
|TPNW Art 3(2) deadline||N/A|
|Small Quantities Protocol||No|
|Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants||No|
Somalia maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.
Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, the African Group in the UN, of which Somalia is a member, recalled the entry into force of the ‘landmark’ TPNW and reaffirmed its ‘full support’ for the declaration and action plan adopted at the Treaty's First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP). The African Group, moreover, urged ‘all members of the international community, especially nuclear-weapon states and those under the so-called nuclear umbrella, to seize the opportunity to sign and ratify the Treaty at an early date and to pursue the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world’.1
- Somalia should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
- Somalia should conclude and bring into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and an Additional Protocol with the IAEA.
- Somalia should also adhere to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and ratify the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).