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Opposed

Spain

Umbrella state (NATO)

Spain boycotted the TPNW negotiations in 2017 and has not adhered to the Treaty. As an umbrella state it is not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. Spain may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Not compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted no
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) No (N/A)
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted no
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/Stored abroad
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

Spain voted against the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020. The Foreign Affairs Committee of the Lower House of the Spanish Parliament adopted a resolution on 21 December 2020 which welcomed the TPNW 'as an effort to move towards peace, security and disarmament'. The Spanish government agreed in September 2018 to sign the TPNW. The agreement was made during negotiations on the 2019 budget, when the left-wing party Podemos obtained a commitment from the government to sign the Treaty in exchange for Podemos’ support for the 2019 budget. During a meeting in 2020 with ICAN, Spanish government officials said that the government is not ready to sign the TPNW but willing to participate in the First Meeting of States Parties as an observer. Three former Spanish foreign ministers (Ana Palacio, Javier Solana and Carlos Westendorp) were among the signatories to an open letter in September 2020 calling on current leaders in umbrella states to 'show courage and boldness' and join the TPNW. Twelve Spanish cities including Barcelona have signed ICAN’s Cities Appeal. See: bit.ly/2TwCaOp, bit.ly/2koi0gA.

Recommendations

  • Spain should ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its national defence plans and security policies. It should renounce the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, for instance through a declaratory statement, and refrain from endorsing future alliance statements in support of weapons of mass destruction.
  • Spain should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution to the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.
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