|TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2022|
|(a)||Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire||Compatible|
|Possess or stockpile||Compatible|
|(c)||Receive transfer or control||Compatible|
|Threaten to use||Compatible|
|(e)||Assist, encourage or induce||Not compatible|
|(f)||Seek or receive assistance||Compatible|
|(g)||Allow stationing, installation, deployment||Compatible|
|TPNW voting and participation|
|UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote)||Voted no (2023)|
|Participated in 1MSP (2022)||No|
|1MSP delegation size (% women)||N/A|
|Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017)||N/A|
|Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017)||No|
|Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258)||Voted no|
|Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties|
|Party to an NWFZ||No|
|Party to the NPT||Yes (Acceded 1987)|
|Ratified the CTBT||Yes (Ratified 1998, Annex 2 state)|
|Party to the BWC||Yes (Ratified 1979)|
|Party to the CWC||Yes (Ratified 1994)|
|IAEA safeguards and fissile material|
|TPNW Art 3(2) deadline||N/A|
|Small Quantities Protocol||No|
|Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants||No|
|Plutonium stocks||Stored abroad|
Spain may sign and ratify or accede to the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.
At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, the Deputy Minister of Foreign and Global Affairs of Spain, Angeles Moreno Bau, said: ‘The NPT is facing large-scale challenges and threats of the use of nuclear weapons for the first time in decades. This is posing grave risks to our security.’1
In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022, Spain said that the ‘nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament regime is facing one of its greatest crises in recent decades’, adding that ‘it is essential to move steadily towards nuclear disarmament, without shortcuts’.2
The Foreign Affairs Committee of the Lower House of the Spanish Parliament adopted a resolution on 21 December 2020 which welcomed the TPNW 'as an effort to move towards peace, security and disarmament'.3
- Spain should renounce the possession and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, and ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its defence posture.
- Spain should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the NPT and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Spain should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.