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States Parties

Thailand

State with nuclear-free security policy

Thailand was at the forefront of the diplomatic process towards a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, including during the negotiation of the TPNW in 2017. Thailand is a state party to the TPNW from 22 January 2021 and is in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty.

TPNW status
Signed (20 Sep 2017) and ratified (20 Sep 2017)
Compliance with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (46%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Bangkok)
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD No (Observer)
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

In First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Thailand stated: 'The TPNW is a clear demonstration that multilateralism reinforces momentum of nuclear disarmament and the non-proliferation agenda. As we approach this historical milestone, we are to be reminded that our efforts do not end at the Treaty’s entry into force. Much work still lies ahead of us to translate the text of the Treaty into implementation reality.' See: bit.ly/3l9e7Rn.

Recommendations

  • Thailand should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Thailand should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
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