Türkiye may sign and ratify or accede to the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.
At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Türkiye said it was concerned by ‘the lack of progress in the implementation of the commitments undertaken during previous review conferences’. It also reiterated ‘that the threat of use of nuclear weapons is unacceptable’.1
Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, Türkiye said that it was ‘extremely worried’ about the possibility of the use of nuclear weapons in the context of the war in Ukraine. ‘Every effort should be exerted in order to prevent such a scenario, which would cause a catastrophe on a massive scale.’ Türkiye also expressed support for ‘practical measures towards a world without nuclear weapons, step by step, however difficult the path may be’. It added: ‘This effort is closely related to the continuation of safeguarding humanity’s security and future.’2
- Türkiye should renounce the possession and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, end the hosting of foreign nuclear weapons on its territory, and ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its defence posture.
- Türkiye should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the NPT and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Türkiye should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.