Australia Australia

Australia

Nuclear-weapon-complicit states

Australia boycotted the TPNW negotiations and has not adhered to the Treaty. It is a nuclear-weapon-complicit state and not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. Australia may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

Latest developments and background

The Australian government has opposed the idea of a ban on nuclear weapons since the beginning. It has argued that a key problem with the TPNW is that it "seeks to delegitimise extended deterrence” (bit.ly/2mX63ek). In December 2018, the Labor Party committed to “sign and ratify the Ban Treaty” after taking into account the need to ensure complementarity with the NPT and an effective verification and enforcement architecture (bit.ly/2mmfEdT). Melbourne and Sydney are among 20 cities in Australia that have committed to ICAN’s Cities Appeal.

Recommendations

  • Australia should ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its national defence plans and security policies. It should renounce the retention and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, for instance through a declaratory statement, and refrain from endorsing future alliance statements in support of weapons of mass destruction.
  • Australia should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so it should – in line with its obligations under the NPT – welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution towards the common aspiration of a world without nuclear weapons, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.
Signed
No
Adhered
No
Compliance with article 1(1) of the TPNW
Art 1(1)(a) The prohibition on developing, producing, manufacturing, or otherwise acquiring Compliant
The prohibition on testing Compliant
The prohibition on possessing or stockpiling Compliant
Art 1(1)(b) The prohibition on transferring Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) The prohibition on receiving transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) The prohibition on using Compliant
The prohibition on threatening to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) The prohibition on assisting prohibited activities Compliant
The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Not compliant
Art 1(1)(f) The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) The prohibition on allowing stationing, installation, or deployment Compliant
TPNW process
Vote on mandate resolution (A/RES/71/258) Voted no
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) No (N/A)
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Vote on UNGA resolution 2018 Voted no
Fissile material
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Civilian plutonium stocks
Fissile material production No
Related treaties and mechanisms
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Rarotonga)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes