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Signatories

Brazil

Brazil was one of the states that played a leading role in bringing about the diplomatic process towards a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons and ensuring the ultimate success of the negotiations in 2017. Brazil was also the first state to sign the TPNW. In a statement on the occasion of the TPNW's entry into force on 22 January 2021, Brazil said: 'The [TPNW] is currently under consideration by the Brazilian National Congress with a view to its ratification.'[1]

SIGNATURE
20 Sep 2017
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 30%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities Yes
Highly enriched uranium stocks Cleared
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

Addressing the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Brazil said: 'The TPNW complements and reinforces the NPT, and represents an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and nonproliferation regime. The entry into force of the TPNW is a historic achievement, which embodies the growing international consensus that nuclear weapons must never again be used by anyone, anywhere, at any time.'2

Brazil was one of the co-sponsors of the 2021 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called 'upon all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date'.3

Recommendations

  • Brazil should urgently ratify the TPNW.
  • Brazil should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA.
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