Brazil Brazil

Brazil

TPNW supporters

Brazil was at the forefront of the diplomatic process towards a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, including during the negotiation of the TPNW in 2017. Brazil was the first state to sign the TPNW and is in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1, but has not yet ratified the Treaty.

Latest developments and background

In September 2018, the previous president of Brazil submitted the TPNW to congress for approval, but there is no news about the progress in this process. At the High-Level Plenary Meeting to Commemorate and Promote the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons in the UN on 26 September 2019, Brazil stated that the "adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in 2017 represents an evolutionary leap for the disarmament and nonproliferation regime. While the TPNW will not bring about the elimination of nuclear weapons on its own, it has significantly raised the moral barrier against these weapons." (bit.ly/2obwUU6)

Recommendations

  • Brazil should urgently ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
Signed
Yes (20 Sep 2017)
Adhered
No
Compliance with article 1(1) of the TPNW
Art 1(1)(a) The prohibition on developing, producing, manufacturing, or otherwise acquiring Compliant
The prohibition on testing Compliant
The prohibition on possessing or stockpiling Compliant
Art 1(1)(b) The prohibition on transferring Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) The prohibition on receiving transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) The prohibition on using Compliant
The prohibition on threatening to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) The prohibition on assisting prohibited activities Compliant
The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Compliant
Art 1(1)(f) The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) The prohibition on allowing stationing, installation, or deployment Compliant
TPNW process
Vote on mandate resolution (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (30%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Vote on UNGA resolution 2018 Voted yes
Fissile material
Highly enriched uranium stocks 0
Civilian plutonium stocks
Fissile material production Yes (LEU)
Related treaties and mechanisms
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes