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Signatories

Brazil

State with nuclear-free security policy

Brazil was at the forefront of the diplomatic process towards a treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons, including during the negotiation of the TPNW in 2017. Brazil was the first state to sign the TPNW and is in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1, but has not yet ratified the Treaty.

TPNW status
Signed (20 Sept 2017), not ratified
Compliance with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (30%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities Yes
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

Speaking in First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Brazil said that it is proud to have been active in the negotiations on the TPNW and that it was the first state to sign. It also said that its ratification process is underway. See: bit.ly/3fkC4E0.

Recommendations

  • Brazil should urgently ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Brazil should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA.
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