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States Parties


Botswana participated in the Second Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW in November and December 2023. ‘[T]he progress of the TPNW serves as a beacon of hope at a time when heightened geopolitical tensions are undermining the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation agenda and are posing serious risks to global security,’ it said.[1]

TPNW Status

26 Sep 2019
15 Jul 2020 (Ratification)
22 Jan 2021
Received 8 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2023
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Voted yes (2023)
Participated in 2MSP (2023) Yes
1MSP delegation size (% women) 4 (0%)
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ Yes (Ratified 1999, Pelindaba)
Party to the NPT Yes (Ratified 1969)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Ratified 2002)
Party to the BWC Yes (Ratified 1992)
Party to the CWC Yes (Acceded 1998)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (24 Aug 2006)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks No
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

Botswana reaffirmed its commitment to the ‘landmark’ TPNW and ‘its noble goal of a world free of nuclear weapons’, describing such weapons as ‘anachronistic relics from a bygone era’. It added that its ratification of the TPNW in 2020 ‘was a demonstration of our strong disapproval of nuclear weapons and support for their delegitimisation’.

Botswana also ‘encourage[d] fellow States parties to not tire in promoting the TPNW and spreading the message about the danger and illegality of nuclear weapons’, and said that it was ‘pleased with the progress being achieved in the implementation and universalisation of the Treaty’, as guided by the Vienna Action Plan of 2022.

Botswana was one of the co-sponsors for the 2023 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called upon ‘all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date’.2


  • Botswana should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.

  • Botswana should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.

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