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Opposed

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Nuclear-armed state (35 nuclear warheads)

North Korea boycotted the TPNW negotiations in 2017 and has not adhered to the Treaty. As a nuclear-armed state it is not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. North Korea may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Not compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Not compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Did not vote
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) No (N/A)
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted no
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities Yes
Highly enriched uranium stocks 100 kg
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) 40 kg/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT No (1985-2003)
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT No (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT No
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes (Not implemented)
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC No
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

North Korea is the only state to have tested a nuclear weapon in the 21st century. North Korea abstained on the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018 and 2019, and voted against in 2020. In 2017, North Korea stated in First Committee of the UN General Assembly that it 'consistently supports the total elimination of nuclear weapons and the efforts for denuclearization of the entire world. However as long as the U.S. who constantly threatens and blackmails the [Democratic People's Republic of Korea] with nuclear weapons rejects the NBT [Nuclear Ban treaty] the DPRK is not in position to accede to the treaty'. See: bit.ly/3nKMb7T.

Recommendations

  • North Korea should acknowledge that nuclear deterrence is not a sustainable solution for its own or international security, and that any perceived benefits are far outweighed by the risk of nuclear accidents or war. It should move rapidly to verifiably reduce and eliminate its nuclear arsenal.
  • North Korea should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution to the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.
  • North Korea should return to the NPT regime. North Korea should implement its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) with the IAEA, and conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol (AP). It should also adhere to the CTBT and the CWC.
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