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Opposed

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Nuclear-armed state

North Korea boycotted the TPNW negotiations in 2017 and remains unwilling to adhere to or engage constructively with the Treaty.

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Not compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Not compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted no
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Abstained
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Abstained
Participated in TPNW negotiations No
Share of women in TPNW negotiations N/A
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) N/A
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes (Not implemented)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities Yes
Highly enriched uranium stocks 700 kg
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) 40 kg/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC No
Party to the PTBT No
Ratified the CTBT No (Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT No (1985-2003)
Party to a NWFZ No
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

North Korea is the only state to have tested a nuclear weapon in the 21st century.

After having abstained on the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018 and 2019, North Korea voted against in 2020 and 2021.

Recommendations

  • North Korea should acknowledge that nuclear deterrence is not a sustainable solution for its own or international security, and that any perceived benefits are far outweighed by the risk of nuclear accidents or war. It should move rapidly to verifiably reduce and eliminate its nuclear arsenal.
  • North Korea should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.
  • North Korea should return to the NPT regime. North Korea should implement its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA, and conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol. North Korea should also adhere to the CTBT and the CWC.


Inventory of nuclear warheads at the beginning of 2022

20↑
Total inventory of warheads
0
Retired warheads
20↑
Usable stockpile of warheads
1.3MT
Total yield of usable stockpile
87
Hiroshima-bomb equivalents
Nord Korea mobile

North Korea’s estimated 20 warheads are thought to be assigned to its arsenal of mobile landbased ballistic missiles. These potentially include the short-range, modernized Hwasong-5 and Hwasong-6; the medium-range Hwasong-7, Hwasong-9, and Pukguksong-2; the intermediaterange Hwasong-10 and Hwasong-12; and the intercontinental Hwasong-14, Hwasong-15, and Hwasong-17 ballistic missiles. The operational nuclear capability of these systems is uncertain.

Nord Korea ubat

North Korea has one ballistic missile submarine (SSB), which has been used for test launches of nuclear-capable missiles like the Pukguksong-1 and -3 submarine-launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs), but it is not considered operational.


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