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States Parties

Democratic Republic of the Congo

The Democratic Republic of the Congo deposited its instrument of ratification for the TPNW with the UN Secretary-General at a high-level ceremony in New York on 22 September 2022, becoming the 67th state party to the Treaty, along with the Dominican Republic, which ratified on the same day.

TPNW Status

20 Sep 2017
22 Sep 2022 (Ratification)
21 Dec 2022
Received 25 Apr 2023
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Voted yes (2023)
Participated in 1MSP (2022) Observer
1MSP delegation size (% women) 13 (8%)
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Did not vote
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ Yes (Ratified 2022, Pelindaba)
Party to the NPT Yes (Ratified 1970)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Ratified 2004, Annex 2 state)
Party to the BWC Yes (Ratified 1975)
Party to the CWC Yes (Ratified 2005)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (9 Nov 1972)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks No
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

Attending as an observer the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW (1MSP) in Vienna in June 2022, DR Congo said: ‘Deterrence is a false guarantee of security that keeps the world in the balance of terror … Nuclear disarmament is an emergency and is becoming a necessity for our security.' 1

At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, DR Congo welcomed the ‘historic adoption’ of the TPNW in 2017 and its entry into force in 2021, as well as the success of its 1MSP. It said that the Treaty ‘has greatly contributed to the search for the achievement of our common objective, which is a world without nuclear weapons’.2

In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022, DR Congo said that it considers the TPNW to complement and reinforce the NPT, and encouraged ‘states which have not yet done so to accede to this instrument, because it constitutes an important step towards a world free of nuclear weapons and, if we are sincere in our quest for disarmament, we have a collective responsibility to ensure its universalisation’.3


  • DR Congo should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.

  • DR Congo should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.

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