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Egypt

State with nuclear-free security policy

Egypt voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017, but has not yet adhered to it. Egypt maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without making changes to existing practices or policies.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (0%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Ratified the CTBT No (Signed, Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC No
Party to the BWC No (Signatory)

Latest developments

Egypt has consistently voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020. In First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Egypt said that '[t]he continued reliance on nuclear deterrence by a handful of states can no longer be morally or politically acceptable norms.' On behalf of the Arab Group in the UN, Egypt also delivered a statement at the 2020 UN General Assembly's High-Level Plenary Meeting to Commemorate and Promote the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, which highlighted the TPNW as an 'unprecedented development' and said that it 'places nuclear weapons in their logical position as weapons whose possession, use, or even threat of use conflict with the most basic principles of international humanitarian law, in addition to being a direct threat to international peace and security.' See: bit.ly/35QpFEm, bit.ly/2UQCmst.

Recommendations

  • Egypt should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Egypt should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA. Egypt should also ratify the CTBT and the BWC, and adhere to the CWC.
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