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Egypt

Egypt voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017 and has consistently voted in favour of the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the Treaty, including in 2021. In a letter to ICAN dated 2 December 2020, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Egypt indicated that the matter of signing and ratifying the TPNW 'is subject to an ongoing internal review and assessment by the Egyptian government'.[1]

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 0%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC No (Signatory)
Party to the CWC No
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT No (Signed, Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

Egypt maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.

Egypt associated itself with a statement by the Arab Group in the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, which welcomed the TPNW and said the Treaty 'places nuclear weapons in its logical place as weapons whose possession or use or threat of use is a violation of the most basic rules of international humanitarian law in addition to the fact that it threatens international peace and security'.2

Recommendations

  • Egypt should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
  • Egypt should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA. Egypt should also ratify the CTBT and the BWC, and adhere to the CWC.
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