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Eritrea

Eritrea has indicated that it intends to adhere to the TPNW. It voted in favour of the adoption of the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017. In 2021, it was one of the co-sponsors of the annual UN General Assembly resolution on the Treaty, which called 'upon all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date'.[1]

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 33%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

Eritrea maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct. It also brought into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and an Additional Protocol with the IAEA on 20 April 2021.

In the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Eritrea said: 'The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is illegal and immoral. Legally binding negative assurances, the establishment of nuclear-free zones, the universalisation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), and the recently adopted Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons are critical steps to complete denuclearisation.'2

Recommendations

  • Eritrea should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
  • Eritrea should also adhere to the BWC.
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