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Eritrea

State with nuclear-free security policy

Eritrea voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017, but has not yet adhered to the Treaty. Eritrea maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without making changes to existing practices or policies.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (33%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No (Signed, Pelindaba)
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Member of the CD No
IAEA CSA in force No (Approved 2020)
IAEA AP in force No (Approved 2020)
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC No

Latest developments

Eritrea has consistently voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020, and has indicated that it intends to adhere to the TPNW. It took steps in 2020 towards bringing into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement (CSA) and an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA. In First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Eritrea stated: 'The use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is illegal and immoral. Legally binding negative assurances, the establishment of nuclear-free zones; the universalisation of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, and the recently adopted Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, are critical steps to complete denuclearization. Eritrea supports the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.' See: bit.ly/370buvQ, bit.ly/36LwnvW.

Recommendations

  • Eritrea should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Eritrea should bring into force its newly approved CSA and AP with the IAEA. Eritrea should also adhere to the BWC.
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