Estonia may sign and ratify or accede to the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.
At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Estonia said that it ‘is determined to contribute to global efforts to strengthen the international law and rules-based order and to the implementation of existing disarmament, arms control and non-proliferation instruments’.1
In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022, Estonia said that it ‘shares the ultimate goal of a world without nuclear weapons and continues to advocate for the progressive approach, pursued in a realistic and responsible way’.2
- Estonia should renounce the possession and potential use of nuclear weapons on its behalf, and ensure that nuclear weapons do not have a role in its defence posture.
- Estonia should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the NPT and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Estonia should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.