India India

India

Nuclear-armed states

India boycotted the TPNW negotiations and has not adhered to the Treaty. It is a nuclear-armed state and not in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1. India may sign and ratify the TPNW, but will have to make changes to its policies and practices to become compliant.

Latest developments and background

In 2018, the Indian delegation to the UN General Assembly First Committee stated that "the "Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, negotiated outside the CD, does not create any obligations for India." (bit.ly/2kTNEhi)

Recommendations

  • India should acknowledge that nuclear deterrence is not a sustainable solution for its own or international security, and that any perceived benefits are far outweighed by the risk of nuclear accidents or war. It should move rapidly to verifiably reduce and eliminate its nuclear arsenal.
  • India should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable contribution towards the common aspiration of a world without nuclear weapons, attend its meetings of states parties as an observer, and work with its states parties on practical steps towards disarmament.
Signed
No
Adhered
No
Compliance with article 1(1) of the TPNW
Art 1(1)(a) The prohibition on developing, producing, manufacturing, or otherwise acquiring Not compliant
The prohibition on testing Compliant
The prohibition on possessing or stockpiling Not compliant
Art 1(1)(b) The prohibition on transferring Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) The prohibition on receiving transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) The prohibition on using Compliant
The prohibition on threatening to use Not compliant
Art 1(1)(e) The prohibition on assisting prohibited activities Compliant
The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Compliant
Art 1(1)(f) The prohibition on encouraging or inducing prohibited activities Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) The prohibition on allowing stationing, installation, or deployment Compliant
TPNW process
Vote on mandate resolution (A/RES/71/258) Abstained
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) No (N/A)
Vote on adoption of treaty text N/A
Vote on UNGA resolution 2018 Voted no
Fissile material
Highly enriched uranium stocks 4 t (~267 weapon equivalents)
Civilian plutonium stocks
Fissile material production Yes (LEU and Pu)
Related treaties and mechanisms
Party to the NPT No
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT No (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force No (Item-specific agreement)
IAEA AP in force Yes (Modified)
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes
India