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States Parties

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan inherited nuclear weapons from the Soviet Union but renounced them and has since advocated for nuclear disarmament. Together with Kiribati, Kazakhstan is serving as co-facilitator on Articles 6 and 7 for the TPNW’s First Meeting of States Parties in 2022. In that role, they have produced working papers and held consultations with states, international organizations, and civil society, with the goal of generating recommendations to advance the Treaty’s implementation that would be included in the Meeting's outcome documents.

SIGNATURE
2 Mar 2018
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
29 Aug 2019 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
22 Jan 2021
DECLARATION
Received 19 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 0%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks 1000–10 000 kg
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Semipalatinsk)
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

In a statement to the 2021 UN General Assembly's High-Level Plenary Meeting to Commemorate and Promote the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons, the President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, welcomed the entry into force of the TPNW as a 'positive development', and noted: 'Circumstances and strategic thinking can and do change rapidly – nuclear weapons are a political choice.'1

In the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Kazakhstan said: 'The obvious lack of progress in disarmament resulted in the recent adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which should complement the [Non-Proliferation Treaty].'2

Kazakhstan was one of the co-sponsors of the 2021 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called 'upon all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date'.3

Recommendations

  • Kazakhstan should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Kazakhstan should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures, including by requesting that Russia continue to refrain from all testing of nuclear-capable missiles at Sary Shagan.
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