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States Parties

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan served as a vice-president of the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW (1MSP) in Vienna in June 2022. Mukhtar Tleuberdi, the Deputy Prime Minister, hailed the meeting as ‘a remarkable historic achievement following a nearly decade-long collective effort to advance the universal objective of complete nuclear disarmament’.[1]

TPNW Status

SIGNATURE
2 Mar 2018
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
29 Aug 2019 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
22 Jan 2021
DECLARATION
Received 19 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Non-compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Voted yes (2023)
Participated in 1MSP (2022) Yes
1MSP delegation size (% women) 26 (19%)
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ Yes (Ratified 2008, Semipalatinsk)
Party to the NPT Yes (Acceded 1994)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Ratified 2002)
Party to the BWC Yes (Acceded 2007)
Party to the CWC Yes (Ratified 2000)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (11 Aug 1995)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks 1-10 tons
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

Together with Kiribati, Kazakhstan submitted a working paper to the 1MSP with proposals for action to assist victims of nuclear weapon use and testing and to remediate contaminated environments.2 The 1MSP appointed the two states as co-chairs of an informal intersessional working group to address these issues, which will report to the Second Meeting of States Parties. Kazakhstan will also serve as president of the third Meeting of States Parties, the dates for which have yet to be confirmed.3

Prior to the 1MSP, Kazakhstan hosted a meeting in its capital with ambassadors from other Central Asian states to encourage them to join the TPNW. It noted the compatibility of the TPNW with the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ) Treaty, to which all states in the region are parties.4

At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Kazakhstan welcomed the ‘successful outcomes’ of the 1MSP. It pledged to ‘work tirelessly to achieve our long-cherished aspirations towards a world free from nuclear weapons’.5

Recommendations

  • Kazakhstan should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.

  • Kazakhstan should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures, including by requesting that Russia continue to refrain from all testing of nuclear-capable missiles at Sary Shagan.

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