Kyrgyzstan maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct. In February 2022, Kyrgyzstan attended a meeting in Kazakhstan hosted by the foreign ministry to promote adherence to the TPNW. Kazakhstan emphasised the compatibility of the TPNW with the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone (NWFZ) Treaty, to which all states in the region are parties.1
At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Kyrgyzstan said that ‘in the light of the rapidly changing world paradigm, the issue of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has become more relevant than ever’.2 It also submitted to the Review Conference a working paper on the environmental consequences of uranium mining.3
In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022 Kyrgyzstan proposed the establishment of an international day for disarmament and non-proliferation awareness.4
- Kyrgyzstan should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the NPT and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Kyrgyzstan should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.
- Kyrgyzstan should upgrade to a Modified Small Quantities Protocol with the IAEA.