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Undecided

Marshall Islands

State with nuclear-free security policy

The Marshall Islands voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017, but has not yet adhered to the Treaty and has consistently abstained on the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Not compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (50%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Abstained
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Member of the CD No
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

The Marshall Islands’ President, David Kabua, said in the High-Level Debate of the UN General Assembly in 2020 that his country 'is not currently prepared to sign the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, and we will continue to study it', citing concerns about the Treaty’s provisions on victim assistance and environmental remediation. See: bit.ly/32Y2eaF.

Recommendations

  • The Marshall Islands should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • The Marshall Islands should request that the United States cease testing of nuclear-capable missiles at Kwajalein Atoll.
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