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States Parties


In the 2021 Universal Periodic Review conducted by the Human Rights Council, Panama made recommendations to a number of states that they sign and ratify the TPNW.

20 Sep 2017
11 Apr 2019 (Ratification)
22 Jan 2021
Received 19 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 60%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Member of the CD No (Observer)

Latest developments

Panama associated itself with a statement by the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, which said: 'NAM’s state parties to the TPNW are fully committed to its implementation and look forward to the first meeting of state parties'. The statement also reiterated NAM's 'concern at the threat to humanity posed by the continued existence of nuclear weapons as well as the lack of progress shown by nuclear-weapon states in eliminating their nuclear weapons'.1

In the First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Panama noted that it 'is proud to be one of the first countries to have signed the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, so it considers that its entry into force, will bring us closer to guaranteeing international peace and security towards the irreversible, verifiable and transparent elimination of nuclear weapons. The humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons is a matter of the utmost concern, if its total elimination is not guaranteed.'2


  • Panama should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Panama should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
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