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States Parties

Panama

State with nuclear-free security policy

Panama is a state party to the TPNW from 22 January 2021 and is in compliance with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty.

TPNW status
Signed (20 Sept 2017) and ratified (11 Apr 2019)
Compliance with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compliant
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (60%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Voted yes
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD No (Observer)
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

In First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, Panama noted that it 'is proud to be one of the first countries to have signed the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, so it considers that its entry into force, will bring us closer to guaranteeing international peace and security towards the irreversible, verifiable and transparent elimination of nuclear weapons. The humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons is a matter of the utmost concern, if its total elimination is not guaranteed.' See: bit.ly/2J43wtB.

Recommendations

  • Panama should encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Panama should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative and other necessary measures.
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