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States Parties

State of Palestine

Palestine brought into force a Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA on 7 September 2022, in accordance with its obligation under Article 3(2) of the TPNW, a few weeks after the 18-month deadline. Addressing the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW (1MSP) in Vienna in June 2022, Palestine hailed the TPNW’s entry into force and the convening of the meeting as a ‘victory’ for multilateralism, the UN Charter and international law.[1]

TPNW Status

20 Sep 2017
22 Mar 2018 (Ratification)
22 Jan 2021
Received 21 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) N/A
Participated in 1MSP (2022) Yes
1MSP delegation size (% women) 4 (25%)
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) N/A
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ No
Party to the NPT Yes (Acceded 2015)
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the BWC Yes (Acceded 2018)
Party to the CWC Yes (Acceded 2018)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (7 Sep 2022)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline 22 Jul 2022 (Met 7 Sep 2022)
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol No
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks No
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Palestine said that the TPNW was ‘long overdue, as there can be no rational justification for the privileged status granted, de facto, to nuclear weapons over other weapons of mass destruction’. It said that their use and threat of use ‘have always been illegal’.2 In a closing statement to the NPT Review Conference, Palestine and 64 other TPNW supporters urged ‘all states committed to attain and maintain a world without nuclear weapons to join the TPNW without delay’.3

Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, Palestine noted that ‘it has taken seven decades’ – since the US atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the formation of the United Nations – ‘to finally formalise a just treaty prohibiting nuclear weapons to complement the NPT and help advance its goals’. It added: ‘There is no need for more stark reminders of the urgent and long-overdue imperative to rid the world of one of the most inhumane, illegal, dangerous, and indiscriminate weapons ever created,’ it added. ‘We reject the fatalism that the existence of nuclear weapons is a reality and a necessity and we also reject that their spread is inevitable and unpreventable’.4


  • Palestine should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.

  • Palestine should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.

  • Palestine should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA.

  • Palestine should also sign and ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).

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