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States Parties

State of Palestine

In the First Committee of the 2021 UN General Assembly, Palestine said: 'There is no justification for the exceptional status enjoyed by nuclear weapons. [...] There is no situation, no circumstances, in which their use can be justified. Their very existence is an insult to those who perished and those who survived. They are a threat to innocent people around the world, an existential threat for humankind and our planet that can only be addressed by their elimination.'

SIGNATURE
20 Sep 2017
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
22 Mar 2018 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
22 Jan 2021
DECLARATION
Received 21 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW N/A
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW N/A
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW N/A
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW N/A
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 60%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement No (Signed 2019)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline 22 Jul 2022
Small Quantities Protocol No (Signed 2019)
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT No
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

The statement continued: 'The indefinite extension of the NPT was never intended and can never be interpreted as granting any legality or validity to the existence or indefinite possession of nuclear weapons. The NPT has three pillars, and we look forward to advancing on all three fronts at the upcoming 10th NPT Review Conference. If nuclear disarmament falters, the whole edifice will collapse. In this sense, the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons is the natural extension and the indispensable corollary of the NPT. The State of Palestine is proud to have been among the States that elaborated the treaty and among the first countries to ratify it, contributing to its early entry into force. We can not stand by and wait till the environment is ripe, till the circumstances are right, as there will always be a reason or a pretext not to move ahead. If it is about security then we are all entitled to security, if it is about deterrence then we are all entitled to deterrence. And if we can achieve those by any means necessary, then all weapons of mass destruction are fair game. But that is not the international law-based order we built. We have among the States that possess nuclear weapons friends and foes, but in all cases nuclear weapons are the enemy.'1

Recommendations

  • Palestine should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Palestine should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
  • Palestine should bring into force its Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA by its deadline under the TPNW's Article 3(2), which is 22 July 2022. It should also conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol. Palestine should sign and ratify the CTBT.
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