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States Parties

Peru

Addressing the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW (1MSP) in Vienna in June 2022, Peru said: ‘The conference that brings us together today is a fundamental chance to advance the objective of universalisation of the TPNW and design joint strategies for its complete implementation.’[1]

TPNW Status

SIGNATURE
20 Sep 2017
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
23 Dec 2021 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
23 Mar 2022
DECLARATION
Received 23 Dec 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Voted yes (2022)
Participated in 1MSP (2022) Yes
1MSP delegation size (% women) 3 (67%)
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ Yes (Ratified 1969, Tlatelolco)
Party to the NPT Yes (Ratified 1970)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Ratified 1997, Annex 2 state)
Party to the BWC Yes (Ratified 1985)
Party to the CWC Yes (Ratified 1995)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks No
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, Peru described the TPNW as ‘an instrument that, in a legal and practical sense, complements the NPT and reinforces the legal framework for nuclear disarmament’ and ‘a significant step forward in the process of eliminating nuclear weapons.’2 In a closing statement to the NPT Review Conference, Peru and 64 other TPNW supporters urged ‘all states committed to attain and maintain a world without nuclear weapons to join the TPNW without delay’.3

Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, Peru said that it has promoted the TPNW ‘as part of its humanitarian commitments’. The failure of the recent NPT Review Conference ‘reaffirmed the relevance of the TPNW as the path to follow until nuclear weapons are entirely eliminated’, it said.4

In the First Committee of the UN General Assembly in October 2022, Peru emphasised the ‘great importance and relevance’ of the TPNW in advancing nuclear disarmament.5

Peru was one of the co-sponsors for the 2022 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called upon ‘all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date.'6

Recommendations

  • Peru should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Peru should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
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