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States Parties

Peru

Peru deposited its instrument of ratification with the UN Secretary-General on 23 December 2021, becoming the 59th state party to the TPNW. The Congress of Peru had unanimously approved a law to ratify the TPNW on 9 December 2021, following a review and positive recommendation by its parliamentary foreign affairs committee.[1]

SIGNATURE
20 Sep 2017
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
23 Dec 2021 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
23 Mar 2022
DECLARATION
Received 23 Dec 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 0%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No
Additional Protocol Yes
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Member of the CD Yes

Latest developments

In a press statement, the foreign ministry said that Peru's ratification of the TPNW highlights its 'high commitment to its obligations under international human rights and humanitarian law', adding that it 'is in line with Peru’s commitment to promoting international peace and security to facilitate the development and growth of our peoples'.2

Addressing the 2021 UN General Assembly, the Foreign Minister of Peru, Óscar Maúrtua, hailed the TPNW’s entry into force as a 'great achievement' and 'a legal and moral starting point on a long road to achieve nuclear disarmament'.3

Peru was also one of the co-sponsors of the 2021 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called 'upon all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date'.4

Recommendations

  • Peru should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
  • Peru should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.
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