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Suriname

In September 2021, the Foreign Minister of Suriname, Albert Ramdin, stated: 'The TPNW is currently under consideration.' Suriname voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017 and has consistently voted in favour of the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the Treaty, including in 2021.

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations No data available
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Original)
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT Yes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Tlatelolco)
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

Suriname maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.

Suriname associated itself with a declaration issued by OPANAL on the occasion of the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2021. In this statement, the 33 member states of OPANAL reiterated 'the call upon all States, in particular nuclear-weapon States, to eliminate the role of nuclear weapons in their security and defence doctrines', recalled 'their participation in the adoption and recent entry into force of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons,' and considered 'that, with the entry into force of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, for the first time joins the path towards the total elimination of those weapons of mass destruction, in a transparent, verifiable and irreversible manner and within clearly established time frame, that have marked the [Treaty of Tlateloclo] and the [NPT].' The statement also noted that the TPNW, Treaty of Tlatelolco, NPT and CTBT, once in force, 'are not mere declarations of intention, since they are a suitable legal basis for the process aimed at completely eliminating all nuclear weapons in a transparent, verifiable and irreversible manner forever.'2

Recommendations

  • Suriname should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
  • Suriname should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA, and upgrade to a Modified Small Quantities Protocol.

1) Letter to ICAN, 8 September 2021, https://bit.ly/3HMebln

2) https://bit.ly/3hMIiP3

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