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Sweden

State with nuclear-free security policy

Sweden voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017, but has not yet adhered to the Treaty and has consistently abstained on the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, and 2020. Sweden maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without making changes to existing practices or policies.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (45%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Last vote on UNGA resolution Abstained
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Annex 2 state)
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC Yes

Latest developments

In July 2019 the Swedish government announced that it would 'refrain from signing or pursuing ratification of the TPNW at the present time.' The Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs has confirmed that it will seek to become an observer state once the TPNW enters into force, to actively follow its further development. The government has also indicated that Sweden might reassess its position following the NPT review conference, now postponed to 2021. There has been extensive debate in the Swedish Parliament and in the media about the merits of the TPNW. Sweden has launched the Stockholm Initiative, which is aimed at unlocking disarmament diplomacy through constructive engagement and a 'stepping stones' approach. See: bit.ly/2kr6r3l.

Recommendations

  • Sweden should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
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