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Syrian Arab Republic

Syria participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty. It has also never cast a vote on the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW.

TPNW Status

TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Never voted
Participated in 1MSP (2022) No
1MSP delegation size (% women) N/A
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Did not vote
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Did not vote
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ No
Party to the NPT Yes (Ratified 1969)
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the BWC No (Signed 1972)
Party to the CWC Yes (Acceded 2013)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (18 May 1992)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol No (Terminated)
Additional Protocol No
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks At least 1 kg
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

Syria maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.

Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, the Arab Group in the UN, of which Syria is a member, delivered a statement that described the TPNW as ‘a very important treaty’ and noted the active participation of Arab states in the work leading to the Treaty’s adoption in 2017.1


  • Syria should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.

  • Syria should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.

  • Syria should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA.

  • Syria should also adhere to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and ratify the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).

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