Syrian Arab Republic
Syria participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty. It has also never cast a vote on the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW.
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
|TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2022|
|(a)||Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire||Compatible|
|Possess or stockpile||Compatible|
|(c)||Receive transfer or control||Compatible|
|Threaten to use||Compatible|
|(e)||Assist, encourage or induce||Compatible|
|(f)||Seek or receive assistance||Compatible|
|(g)||Allow stationing, installation, deployment||Compatible|
|TPNW voting and participation|
|UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote)||Never voted|
|Participated in 1MSP (2022)||No|
|1MSP delegation size (% women)||N/A|
|Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017)||Did not vote|
|Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017)||Yes|
|Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258)||Did not vote|
|Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties|
|Party to an NWFZ||No|
|Party to the NPT||Yes (Ratified 1969)|
|Ratified the CTBT||No|
|Party to the BWC||No (Signed 1972)|
|Party to the CWC||Yes (Acceded 2013)|
|IAEA safeguards and fissile material|
|TPNW Art 3(2) deadline||N/A|
|Small Quantities Protocol||No (Terminated)|
|Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants||No|
|HEU stocks||At least 1 kg|
Syria maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.
Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, the Arab Group in the UN, of which Syria is a member, delivered a statement that described the TPNW as ‘a very important treaty’ and noted the active participation of Arab states in the work leading to the Treaty’s adoption in 2017.1
- Syria should comply with its existing obligation under Article VI of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) and pursue negotiations in good faith on nuclear disarmament.
- Syria should urgently adhere to the TPNW. Until it is in a position to do so, it should welcome the TPNW as a valuable component in the global disarmament and non-proliferation architecture, work with the Treaty's states parties on practical steps towards disarmament, and attend the meetings of states parties as an observer.
- Syria should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA. @Syria should also adhere to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and ratify the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC).
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