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Undecided

Syrian Arab Republic

State with nuclear-free security policy

Syria participated in the TPNW negotiations in 2017, but did not cast a vote on the adoption of the Treaty and has not adhered to it. The government has not cast a vote on any of the UN General Assembly resolutions on the TPNW in 2018, 2019, or 2020. Syria maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without making changes to existing practices or policies.

TPNW status
Not signed, not ratified, not acceded
Compatibility with prohibitions in TPNW Article 1(1)
Art 1(1)(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
Art 1(1)(b) Transfer Compatible
Art 1(1)(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
Art 1(1)(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
Art 1(1)(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
Art 1(1)(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
Art 1(1)(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
Vote on negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Did not vote
Participated in treaty negotiations (% women) Yes (11%)
Vote on adoption of treaty text Did not vote
Last vote on UNGA resolution Did not vote
Fissile material
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks 1 kg
Plutonium stocks (military/civilian) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ No
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the PTBT Yes
Member of the CD Yes
IAEA CSA in force Yes
IAEA AP in force No
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the BWC No (Signatory)

Latest developments

As a member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), Syria aligned itself with the group's statement in First Committee of the 2020 UN General Assembly, which said: 'NAM welcomes multilateral efforts towards nuclear disarmament and the total elimination of nuclear weapons. Moreover, NAM takes note of the adoption of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons on 7 July 2017. It is hoped that, when entered into force, the Treaty would contribute to furthering the agreed global objective of total elimination of nuclear weapons.' See: bit.ly/3kSkWGC.

Recommendations

  • Syria should urgently sign and ratify the TPNW, and encourage other states to adhere to the Treaty.
  • Syria should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol (AP) with the IAEA. Syria should also sign and ratify the CTBT and ratify the BWC.
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