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Tonga

In September 2021, the government of Tonga said that the question of Tonga's accession to the TPNW was being discussed 'at the highest level'.[1]

SIGNATURE
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
ENTRY INTO FORCE
DECLARATION
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compatibility in 2021
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compatible
Test Compatible
Possess or stockpile Compatible
(b) Transfer Compatible
(c) Receive transfer or control Compatible
(d) Use Compatible
Threaten to use Compatible
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compatible
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compatible
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compatible
TPNW voting and participation
2021 UNGA resolution on TPNW Abstained
2020 UNGA resolution on TPNW Abstained
2019 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
2018 UNGA resolution on TPNW Did not vote
Participated in TPNW negotiations Yes
Share of women in TPNW negotiations 33%
Vote on adoption of treaty text Voted yes
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards Agreement Yes
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol No
Fissile material production facilities No
Highly enriched uranium stocks No
Plutonium stocks (mil/civ) No/No
Related treaties and regimes
Party to the BWC Yes
Party to the CWC Yes
Party to the PTBT Yes
Ratified the CTBT No
Party to the NPT Yes
Party to a NWFZ Yes (Rarotonga)
Member of the CD No

Latest developments

Tonga participated in a virtual Pacific Roundtable hosted by New Zealand on 7 December 2021 to prepare for the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW.2

Tonga maintains policies and practices that are compliant with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the Treaty, and can therefore sign and ratify it without the need for a change in conduct.

Tonga voted in favour of adopting the TPNW at the UN Diplomatic Conference in 2017. It abstained on the annual UN General Assembly resolutions on the Treaty in 2020 and 2021.

Recommendations

  • Tonga should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
  • Tonga should conclude and bring into force an Additional Protocol with the IAEA. Tonga should also sign and ratify the CTBT.

1) Communications from the government of Tonga to ICAN, 7 September 2021

2) https://bit.ly/3Mh5JO7

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