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States Parties

Vanuatu

Vanuatu was one of the co-sponsors for the 2022 UN General Assembly resolution on the TPNW, which called upon ‘all States that have not yet done so to sign, ratify, accept, approve or accede to the Treaty at the earliest possible date.'[1]

TPNW Status

SIGNATURE
20 Sep 2017
DEPOSIT WITH UNSG
26 Sep 2018 (Ratification)
ENTRY INTO FORCE
22 Jan 2021
DECLARATION
Received 17 Feb 2021
TPNW Article 1(1) prohibitions: Compliance in 2022
(a) Develop, produce, manufacture, acquire Compliant
Test Compliant
Possess or stockpile Compliant
(b) Transfer Compliant
(c) Receive transfer or control Compliant
(d) Use Compliant
Threaten to use Compliant
(e) Assist, encourage or induce Compliant
(f) Seek or receive assistance Compliant
(g) Allow stationing, installation, deployment Compliant
TPNW voting and participation
UNGA resolution on TPNW (latest vote) Voted yes (2023)
Participated in 1MSP (2022) No
1MSP delegation size (% women) N/A
Adoption of TPNW (7 July 2017) Voted yes
Participated in TPNW negotiations (2017) Yes
Negotiation mandate (A/RES/71/258) Voted yes
Other weapons of mass destruction (WMD) treaties
Party to an NWFZ Yes (Ratified 1995, Rarotonga)
Party to the NPT Yes (Acceded 1995)
Ratified the CTBT Yes (Ratified 2005)
Party to the BWC Yes (Acceded 2016)
Party to the CWC Yes (Acceded 2005)
IAEA safeguards and fissile material
Safeguards agreement Yes (21 May 2013)
TPNW Art 3(2) deadline N/A
Small Quantities Protocol Yes (Modified)
Additional Protocol Yes
Enrichment facilities/reprocessing plants No
HEU stocks No
Plutonium stocks No

Latest developments

At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, the Pacific Small Island Developing States, of which Vanuatu is a member, delivered a joint statement which said: “We are gravely concerned about the serious shortfalls in the implementation of Article VI of the NPT although the nuclear weapon states have spent billions of dollars on modernizing and maintaining their nuclear arsenals. This amount could have been better spent on helping victims of past use and testing of nuclear weapons, fighting the global pandemic of Covid-19 and on the sustainable development goals.” The statement also said that ‘Despite the unfortunate recent behavior, following the invasion of Ukraine, and hinting at their possible use, there is hope’, and noted the entry into force of the TPNW and the convening of the Treaty's First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP).2

In November 2022, in accordance with its Article 12 obligation to promote universal adherence to the TPNW, Vanuatu recommended that India ratify or accede to the TPNW as part of the UN Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review.3

Recommendations

  • Vanuatu should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.

  • Vanuatu should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.

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