At the Tenth Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in August 2022, the Pacific Small Island Developing States, of which Vanuatu is a member, delivered a joint statement which said: “We are gravely concerned about the serious shortfalls in the implementation of Article VI of the NPT although the nuclear weapon states have spent billions of dollars on modernizing and maintaining their nuclear arsenals. This amount could have been better spent on helping victims of past use and testing of nuclear weapons, fighting the global pandemic of Covid-19 and on the sustainable development goals.” The statement also said that ‘Despite the unfortunate recent behavior, following the invasion of Ukraine, and hinting at their possible use, there is hope’, and noted the entry into force of the TPNW and the convening of the Treaty's First Meeting of States Parties (1MSP).2
In November 2022, in accordance with its Article 12 obligation to promote universal adherence to the TPNW, Vanuatu recommended that India ratify or accede to the TPNW as part of the UN Human Rights Council's Universal Periodic Review.3
- Vanuatu should continue to encourage other states to adhere to the TPNW.
- Vanuatu should ensure that all the TPNW obligations are implemented domestically, through legal, administrative, and other necessary measures.