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The context of the TPNW

As fear of nuclear war in 2022 surged to the highest levels since the Cold War, the fractures in the ‘global nuclear order’ deepened – between nuclear-armed states, within umbrella states, and between non-nuclear-armed states and nuclear-armed states. Two themes dominated: Russia’s war of aggression in Ukraine and nuclear threats on the one side, and the further embedding of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) on the other.

Ban Monitor 2022 bomberom NRK
In this photo published on 5 December 2022, children at School 309 in a suburb of Kyiv listen as their teacher talks about how they can protect themselves from fallout in the event of a nuclear attack. The lesson started in the classroom, where they practised putting on plastic coats, hats, and goggles before going outside and heading down towards the basement. They then took off their protective clothing before entering the basement, so as to not bring nuclear dust inside. Their teacher says they have to be prepared to remain in the basement for several days, in the dark, with no contact with family or friends. Photo: Torstein Bøe/NRK
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