Mauritius maintains policies and practices that are compatible with all of the prohibitions in Article 1 of the TPNW, and can therefore sign and ratify or accede to the Treaty without the need for a change in conduct.
Marking the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on 26 September 2022, Mauritius delivered a statement on behalf of the African Group in the UN, which recalled the entry into force of the ‘landmark’ TPNW and reaffirmed its ‘full support’ for the declaration and action plan adopted at the First Meeting of States Parties to the TPNW (1MSP) in Vienna. The African Group, moreover, urged ‘all members of the international community, especially nuclear-weapon states and those under the so-called nuclear umbrella, to seize the opportunity to sign and ratify the Treaty at an early date and to pursue the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world’.1
ICAN's partner organisations met with the then Prime Minister of Mauritius, Pravind Kumar Jugnauth, on 27 August 2020 to discuss the TPNW.2 He noted the problem of the colonial administration of the Chagos Islands by the United Kingdom and Mauritius' lack of control over this archipelago, which includes a US air base on Diego Garcia. This dispute over sovereignty of part of Mauritian territory would not prevent Mauritius from adhering to the TPNW, however. Without effective control of the Chagos Islands, Mauritius is precluded from being able to implement the TPNW across those territories. If it were to secure full sovereignty over the Chagos Islands, Mauritius would need to seek the removal of any unlawful weapons and prohibit any unlawful activities by any states not party to the TPNW on that territory.
- Mauritius should urgently adhere to the TPNW.
- Mauritius should also adhere to the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT).