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The prohibition on development, production, manufacturing, and other acquisition

Nine states not party to the TPNW – the nuclear- armed states China, France, India, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States – engaged in conduct in 2021 that was not compatible with the Treaty’s prohibition on developing, producing, manufacturing, or otherwise acquiring nuclear weapons. Two further states not party – Iran and Saudi Arabia – were recorded as states of concern.

This 25 July 2021 satellite image shows what analysts from the Federation of American Scientists believe is construction of a missile silo near Hami in China.
This 25 July 2021 satellite image shows what analysts from the Federation of American Scientists believe is construction of a missile silo near Hami in China. Photo: Planet Labs PBC/AP/NTB
Development
ARTICLE 1(1)(a) INTERPRETATION
What is a nuclear weapon?
The TPNW and mining and transfer of uranium